The third and last molars on either side of the jaws (upper and lower jaws) are what constitute the wisdom teeth. As you well know, they are usually the last set of teeth to erupt, and their extraction is done in the late stages of teenage, i.e. the early twenties. In most situations, wisdom teeth normally come out either partially, or crooked, eventually only leading to a painful experience and bad oral health.
A recommendation by the American Dental Association confirms that wisdom teeth, which emerge below 20 years of age usually have roots that are underdeveloped, hence lesser complications. To that end, one who is in the 16-19 year age gap, is advised to visit an expert, who can make an evaluation whether they can be safely extracted at that time.
Doing so, only safeguards your oral health in the long run. However, wisdom teeth extraction is quite a delicate procedure, not only in the actual extraction process, but also in its due preparation and recovery process alike. With that realization, it’s good to take the utmost care by following some set instructions.
How is it performed?
Wisdom teeth extraction can be done by either an oral surgeon, or a normal dentist in either of the party’s premises. However, if you are having all of your wisdom teeth removed, or have a greater probability of risk during extraction, then it is probably wise to have the procedure done in a hospital.
Generally, though, it all involves separation of the tooth/teeth from the bone, onto which it is attached. This is done after the dentist (oral surgeon) has opened up all of the gum tissue that is covering the tooth/teeth to be pulled out.
All of the bones attached to the tooth/teeth are gradually removed by separating the tissue connecting them to the wisdom teeth. For easier removal, nonetheless, the dentist might opt to cut the teeth into small pieces first, then separate them from the bone, eventually.
After the deed is done, stitches are expertly put in place, and a cotton gauze is used to cover the wound and prevent any further bleeding. Depending on the circumstance, the stitches used might dissolve naturally, or might need to be removed after a few days. If they are to be removed, your oral surgeon should point it out.
How to prepare?
During preparation, a lot of things have to be put into consideration to ensure everything goes smoothly. For one, you must insist on being checked for infections before the surgery. Infections only increase the chances of risk for complications, so in case you are confirmed positive for infections, a prescription of antibiotics by your doctor should be in order. Once the infection clears, then you have a green light to go ahead with the surgery.
In the actual process of wisdom teeth extraction, a general anesthetic is applied by your dentist with the intention of numbing the area, or areas of the wisdom teeth, if at all you are having multiple teeth extracted at the same time. The numbing effect caused by that anesthetic has two roles; one is to lessen the pain during extraction, and the second, is to help you relax, and possibly sleep as the procedure goes on.
Before the surgery, i.e. the night before and after midnight, one is recommended not to partake any food or beverages in order for the anesthetic to take full effect.
How to recover?
More often than not, the recovery period doesn’t take no more than a couple of days. One should take the prescribed painkillers, in a bid to reduce the pain during the recovery process. To speed it up, one should gently bite on the gauze of cotton consistently, while replacing it with a fresh one ones the other gets soaked with blood.
Secondly, one is recommended not to lay down, or sleep flat as that may cause a prolonged bleeding period. With that realization, one should use a pillow to support the head. Always take extra care not to bite your inner cheek while you are still numb, and for a maximum of 20 minutes in the first 24 hours, one can use a pack of ice on the outside of the cheek as a way to soothe.
Concurrently, you should rinse your mouth using warm salt water during the first day after surgery, avoid sucking on straws or smoking, as they can loosen the clot, and only partake soft foods. Conclusively, be sure to relax to avoid any chances of increased bleeding, and avoid rubbing the area with your tongue or finger.